Anomalistics: Apophenia & Periphenia
As children, many of us look at the moon and see a face. Our minds find a pattern where none exists. Type I errors are better known as false positives and Type II errors as false negatives. Fortunately, terms like "Pareidolia" and "Apophenia" (as coined by Nazi psychiatrist Klaus Conrad) already exist to describe Type I errors. In our reasoning we strive to avoid both Type I and II errors but, until recently, there hasn’t been a term for the equally, if not more dangerous, tendency toward Type II errors. I coined the term "Periphenia" in 2009 to describe these Type II errors. Detecting periphenia is key to anomalistics.
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